Although the number of BAME (or Black, Asian and minority ethnic group) employees has increased in the UK workforce by 45% since 2010, only 3% of Britain’s most powerful and influential people are from BAME groups — even though 13% of the UK population stems from a BAME background.

In the UK, the proportion of working-age Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi people with degrees has more than tripled since the late 1990s to current levels of 50%, 30%, and 25%, respectively. Although they constitute a more significant part of the country’s educated population, Pakistani and Bangladeshi graduates are about 12% less likely to be in work than white British graduates; Indian and Black Caribbean graduates have a job gap of about 5%.